National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, West Bengal
The District Magistrate is the ex-officio District Programme Co-ordinator of the NREGS. He is assisted by the Addl. Executive Officer, Purulia Zilla Parishad who is the Addl. District Programme Co-ordinator of the District. The three Sub-divisional Officers of Purulia Sadar East, Purulia Sadar West and Raghunathpur Sub-division are the Sub-divisional Programme Co-ordinators within their respective jurisdiction. The Blocks that come under the jurisdiction of the three Sub-Divisions:
|Name of the Sub-divisions||Name of the Block|
|Purulia Sadar (East)||Hura|
|Purulia Sadar (West)||Barabazar|
District NREGA Cell
There is a dedicated district Cell for monitoring, Co-ordinating, Supervising and reviewing the performance of the different implementing agencies under this scheme. The cell is named as the District NREGA Cell, Purulia and is located on the 2nd floor of Purulia Zilla Parishad Building near Saheb bundh, Purulia. A senior WBCS (Exe) Officer is the District Nodal Officer under the scheme with the responsibility of regular monitoring and reviewing the implementation of the works that are undertaken under this scheme within the District. Presently the District Panchayat & Rural Development Officer holds the office of the District Nodal Officer. He is assisted by an Assistant Programme Officer who is of the rank of an experienced Joint Block Development Officer. An U.D. Assistant of the Purulia Zilla Parishad looks after the establishment matters of the cell. To look after the different facets of the implementation of the scheme the following posts are engaged by staffs having specialization in their respective discipline. These are :
1. Programme Manager, Accounts - to look after the smooth fund flow mechanism involved with the scheme by receiving District allotment of fund and demand based sub-allotment of fund to the different implementing agencies.
2. Programme Manager, MIS - to generate scheme related data through a Management Information System and uploading those in the NREGA website.
3. Co-ordinator (Social Audit and Grievances) - to address the grievances, dispose off complaints after ensuring appropriate action and to ensure & monitor the process of local vigilance through inspection & Social Audit.
4. Forestry Specialist - A retired Forest Ranger has been engaged recently to this post supervising the plantation and its related works under the scheme with a distant objective of increasing the green cover and prevention of soil erosion.
5. Computer Assistant - to upkeep a database of agency wise performance under this scheme.
1. Assistant Engineer (Degree in Civil Engineering) - 1 No.
2. Sub-Assistant Engineer (Diploma in Civil Engineering) - 2 Nos.
3. Technical Assistant (Diploma in Civil Engineering) - 1 No.
The Gram Panchayats are the main implementing agencies under the scheme. The Addl. Sahayaks and the Gram Rozgar Sevaks are dedicated for GP level NREGA works.
Type of Works
(can be taken up in rural areas under the scheme in their order of priority)
(i) Water conservation and water harvesting; e.g. escavation and construction of tanks, check dams, percolation tanks, underground dykes, ponds, rain water harvesting structures on land of SC, ST, LR beneficiaries, small and marginal farmers, public buildings or BPL houses.
(ii)Drought proofing (including afforestation and tree plantation); watershed development, afforestation and tree plantation, fencing, nursery raising, watch and ward and other related activities.
(iii) Irrigation canals including micro and minor irrigation works; feeder channels, filed channels, command area development, creation of labour intensive irrigation structures and other durable irrigation assets;
(iv) Provision of irrigation facility to land owned by households belonging the SCs and STs, beneficiaries of land reforms, the beneficiaries under the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) and small and marginal farmers
(v) Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of tanks: Renovation of water bodies including community drinking water wells, dugwell, borewells and desilting / excavation of tanks
(vi) Land development of land owned by households belonging the SCs and STs, beneficiaries of land reforms, the beneficiaries under the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) and small and marginal farmers; including development of lay outs for beneficiaries of rural housing schemes, development of play grounds; development of land for village markets and for creating other durable community assets
(vii) Flood control and protection works including drainage in water logged areas including creation of temporary drainage structures during rainy season
(viii) Rural connectivity to provide all-weather access; and
(ix) Any other work, which may be notified by the central Govt. in consultation with the State Government.
Background:- Purulia District has been considered as a first phase district for NREGA programme and the West Bengal Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (WBREGS) has been launched in the district from the financial year 2006-07 with a primary goal to provide a strong social safety net for the vulnerable groups(mainly ST ,SC and below poverty line families) by providing a fall-back employment source, when other employment alternatives are scarce or inadequate.
Objectives:- The programme, which has set a foot in the year 2006-07, gradually picked up steam in the subsequent years and presently marching ahead with twin objectives of wage generation and sustainable asset creation.
Distribution of Job cards:-Till date 4,18,759 nos. rural households in the district have received job cards .Out of these total number 1,07,482 and 1,04,373 job cards have been distributed to the ST & SC families respectively.
Programme Priorities:-The district administration has relentlessly tried to expand the width as well as depth of this programme to the optimum limit. The increased width will certainly provide employment to larger numbers of households and enhanced depth will provide them employment for higher number of days in a particular year. In 2006-07 & 2007-08 financial year 41.49 lakh & 49.64 lakh persondays have been generated under the programme within the district.
Achievements in 2008-09:-In the year 2008-09 though the momentum of the programme has certainly been hampered due to the panchayat general election and formation of new PRI bodies at the ground level; however at the end of the year Rs. 42.87 crore has been expended and 37.78 lakh person days have been generated. In this year average person days per family was 30.05. Out of total person days of 37.78 lakh generated in this year, 31% & 27% have been generated by the ST & SC households respectively.
Achievements in 2009-10 (First quarter):- In the first quarter of 2009-10 the district has shown remarkable progress and as an outcome of that it stood first (till May, 2009) in the inter district ranking as prepared by P&RD department for monitoring of NREGA programme. During these three months the district has provided employment to 84,412 rural households at an average of 22 days per family and generated 22 lakh person days as a whole. The total expenditure made till 20th July, 09 is Rs. 25.53 crore (almost 60 % of what had been generated in the twelve months of the previous year).
Going beyond the target: - Most significantly in this year, all most all the blocks of the district have surpassed their target of the labor budget and outnumbered their previous years' achievement of the corresponding quarter. In the first quarter, the district as a whole has generated 18.11 lakh persondays which is more than 260% of targeted figure.
Equal scope of employment for the marginalized section:- The ST, SC and other marginalized sections have also received equal scope of employment. Out of the total person days generated, ST, SC & women beneficiaries have got a significant percentage share amounting 28%, 28% & 38% respectively.
Priority Sector:- Out of the total expenditure of Rs. 25.53 crore, majority of the expenditure has been made mainly on community benefit works such as water conservation and water harvesting as well renovation of traditional water bodies (Rs. 11 crore), and on rural connectivity (Rs. 6.5 crore) sectors.
Priority Zone:- Special focus is paid to the eight nos. of LWE affected blocks (report enclosed separately) whose collective expenditure till 20th July, 09 has been Rs. 8.65 crore. Priority works in this zone are targeted to provide individual benefit to the specially deprived sections of the population in order to strengthen the livelihood base of these sections.
Involvement of SHGs:- Female Self Help Groups have been considered as the main propelling force regarding generation of nursery in different blocks of the district. In this year, up to the month of June 49 nos. of nursery involving 21,00,000 saplings have been prepared by the SHGs under NREGA programme .
Individual Benefiting Scheme: - Besides this, very recently the district has adopted a strategy of directly addressing the need of individual tribal households and other marginalized families through excavation of small pond (Hapa), digging of wells, land leveling etc. under NREGA, directly through PRI bodies as well as by local SHGs. Total 965 nos. beneficiaries have already been benefited till date under this individual benefiting scheme programme.
Looking for quality issue:-Besides quantitive achievement, continuous thrust has also been generated to safeguard different provisions as highlighted in the NREGA act. District and block level teams have been formed to conduct regular inspection at the work sites.
Addressing failures:-To check different failures of the programme like delayed payment, non payment of unemployment allowance, social audit teams by the Gram Unnayan Samiti members have also been formed at the Gram Panchayat level. The teams will conduct social audit at each and every gram sansad of the district by 31st August. For greater transparency the schedule of social audit has also been published in the website.
Integrated Approach:- In order to explore the synergies of likeminded agencies, a detail district level plan of interdepartmental convergence has also been chalked out. Since 2007-08 Forest department has been working as programme implementing agency within the district. Very recently Agriculture, Horticulture, Wasteland Development Department, Department of Fisheries & Irrigation departments have also submitted their proposals which will be implemented shortly under NREGA. Apart from that 50 (fifty) check dams will be constructed in different blocks (as per the proposed site of Science & Technology department) just after the monsoon period.
The quality implementational skills of the above departments funded by District NREGA may witness the creation of income generating durable assets. Further more, it would supplement the District effort to achieve the Labour Budget target.
Institutional Payment system:-Besides that the district administration is also trying hard to ensure institutional payment system within the district. Almost five lakh bank and post office accounts have already been opened. However, limited infrastructure, shortage of pass books and shortage of manpower at the branch post office level as well as their low fund retention capacity are mainly creating problems in respect of timely disbursement of payments to the laborers.
Monitoring:-District administration has presently developed a GIS based system for regular monitoring of achievements up to the Gram Panchayat level. The performance up to the Gram Pancahayat level are monitored scrupulously and field based success stories of a particular block is also shared in other areas for prompt replication. The district has also ranked the 170 G.P.s based on six parameters namely: a) employment generated as percentage of labour budget; b) Total number of families participated in the programme; c) Average number of person-days generated d) Percentage of women employed e) Wage paid per worker per day f) Expenditure per GP and update and share these indicators on monthly basis to all concerned down the line.
IEC & Proactive disclosure: - Special IEC plan has been prepared for the poor performing gram panchayats and necessary action in this regard has already been initiated through local self help groups. Besides that wide publicity regarding different entitlements under the Act (such as wage rate, schedule of work) has also been made through extensive wall writing in almost all the gram panchayat areas.
Mode of co-ordination, Monitoring and Reviewing:- A three prong module is used to co-ordinate, monitor and review the progress and performance of different implementing agencies. These are:
- 1. District Level Monthly Review meeting separately with all Panchayat Samity Savapatis, Block Programme Officers, Joint Block Programme Officers, Assistant Programme Officers, NREGA Computer Assistants every month for reviewing the latest performance under the scheme with thread bare analysis of every aspect of physical, financial, institutional and social parameters. The need based action points are clearly also spelt out in such meetings. From August, 2009 onwards a separate review meeting with the Gram Panchayat Sahayak & Addl. Sahayak will be held for grass root interception. Like wise the Block level and Gram Panchayat level review meetings are also coming into practice.
- 2. Training / Orientation :- District level workshops with key NREGA functionaries are frequently held with the twin objective of capacity building and confidence boosting.
- 3. A monthly inspection and field visit calendar is rigorously undertaken every month for identifying the loopholes in implementation and improving upon them.
Download (Guidelines, Report Proforma)
(Source: District Panchayat & Rural Development Officer, Purulia)