Forest Divisions in Purulia District


PURULIA DIVISION

Introduction :    

Geographically the forest areas under this Division is lying between 22.430 to 23.420 North latitude and 85.490 to 86.540 East longitude and covers an area of forest land in an around                    62 thousands hectares. The areas are bounded by Ranchi and Hazaribag districts of Jharkhand in West and Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in South and Bokaro & Hazaribag Districts of Jharkhand North respectively. Jurisdiction spreads over 6 administrative Blocks of Purulia District, namely – Balarampur, Bagmundi, Jhalda-I, Jhalda-II, Arsha & Joypur.

            Physiographically the forest areas under this Division falls under a Sub-region of North-Eastern part of Chhotonagpur plateau with undulating and rolling topography. The degradation processes are active in the area as the presence of isolated hills and dissected plateau. Intercepted by broad and narrow valley indicates the extent of degradation status. The highest peaks in the hilly areas attain an altitude of 677 meters above M.S.L. and cover Ajodhya. Baghmundi Ranges of hilly terrain with an altitude of 300 meters in an average and is dissected by Kangsabati and Subarnarekha rivers and their tributaries. Besides, several isolated hills/hillocks are scattered all over this Division.

 

Forest Cover :

As per classification, the forest under Purulia Forest Division falls under Northern tropical Dry Deciduous Forest (5B/C 1c)

           Mostly coppice Sal forest mixed with misc. species like Palash, Kusum, Mahua, Neem, Kend. Major source for timber, pole, small wood, NTFP, firewood, medicinal plant to local people.
74 trees, 59 shrubs, 23 climbers, 27 bamboos are the main species of Purulia Forest Division. Medicinal plants of more than 100 species occur in this ecosystem. Plants like Aswagandha, Satmuli, and Vrigoraj are few of them. Haritaki, Amla, Bahera, Karanj, Neem, Sal seeds, Bamboo, Kendu leaves are major Non-Timber Forest Produce found in this Division.

Division

Total Area

Area under Sal Working Circle

Area under Dev. Working Circle

Area under Conservation Working Circle

Unworkable Area

High Forest (Sal)

Purulia

61696.022

36848.13

20039.255

4500.00

290.54

18.100

 

 

 

Bio-Diversity :

            Biogeographically it represent zone 0 6 B (Deccan Peninsula Chhotonagpur), Mammal - 39 species (5 in Schedule - I) - (Pangolin, wolf, leopard cub, leopard, elephant). Amphibian - 9 species, Fish - 27 species, Mollusk - 9 species. Most interesting is Madras Tree Shrew which is found on the top hills of this ecosystem and nowhere else in West Bengal. Ajodhya hill ecosystem hosts few number mega-mammals like elephant. Though major elephant habitat is engulfed by PPSP. At present number of such resident elephant is considered to be 8-10. Apart from that the seasonally migrated herds of elephant from nearby Jharkhand forest took shelter in this area for days together in different seasons of the year.

 

Ecological Importance :

The total area drains into two major river system, namely Subarnarekha and Kangsabati. Ajodhya hill plays an important role in harvesting of monsoon rain. Moreover, few lakhs of people residing in and around forest directly or indirectly depends on this forest for fodder, fuel wood, small timber and other tangible or intangible benefits. Small dams like Murguma, Pardi, Burda, Gopalpur, Tilaitar helps in irrigation of agriculture field.

 

Past History of Management :

            Previously it was part of Manbhum Forest Division and when Purulia District was become a part of West Bengal Purulia Forest Division started working, legal status wise mostly the area comprises of protected forest, some part is reserve forest declared vide different Government Notification.

Owned by princely States, nurtured as favourite hunting ground of Rajas. Forestry operations were guided by Working Plan of undivided Manbhum Division. Later on Working Plan of Purulia Division came into existence.

 

Administrative Structure :    
            Division Headquarters is situated in Purulia Town. Division is headed by one Divisional  Forest Officer and assisted by Assistant Divisional Forest Officer. There is 8 territorial Ranges who are looking after the total forest area as mentioned below. Apart from that Division includes Ranges, like Land, Law, Mobile & Elephant Squad, Attached Forest Range.
      
Present Administrative set up Area wise :

Name of Division

Name of Range

Name of Beat

Total forest area (in Ha.)

Total       (in Ha.)

PURULIA

Balarampur

Balarampur

707.02

 

Bersa

2522.20

 

Ghatbera

3146.57

6438.79

 

 

 

 

Matha

Matha

796.779

 

Matha P.F.

391.496

 

Pardi

1358.909

 

Kudna

1712.568

42.59.752

 

 

 

 

Bagmundi

Kalimati

1823.38

 

Bagmundi

8512.50

 

Burda

3908.64

14244.52

 

 

 

 

Ajodhya

Ranga

3688.30

 

Ajodhya

10031.40

13719.76

 

 

 

 

Jhalda

Jhalda

2642.90

 

Khamar

1120.97

 

Kalma

2067.78

7841.65

 

 

 

 

Kotshila

Murguma

1618.15

 

Simni

1922.15

 

Nowahatu

1074.17

4614.47

 

 

 

 

Joypur

Joypur

627.53

 

Bangidiri

1005.48

 

Talmu

1016.48

2649.49

 

 

 

 

Arsha

Arsha

4248.83

 

Sirkabad

3525.76

 

Kantadih

153.22

7927.81

GRAND TOTAL  :

 

 

 

61696.022

              

 


(Sources: Divisional Forest Officer, Purulia Division, Purulia)